Die Welt der Automatikuhren: Funktionsweise und Wartung

The world of automatic watches: functioning and maintenance

Automatic watches are a fascinating example of precision and the art of watchmaking. They are mechanical watches that wind themselves and do not require a battery. In this article, we will explain how automatic watches work and give some tips on the maintenance and care of these wonderful timepieces.

  1. How automatic watches work:

Automatic watches have an automatic winding system that is wound by the natural movements of the wearer. Inside the watch is a rotor that rotates with every movement of the wrist. This movement transfers energy to the tension spring, which serves as an energy store. The mainspring distributes this energy evenly to the movement to set the hands of the watch in motion.

  1. power reserve:

The power reserve of an automatic watch is the amount of time the watch will continue to run without being worn or wound. Depending on the model, the power reserve varies between 24 and 100 hours or more. If the watch is not worn for a long period of time and the power reserve has been used up, the watch must be wound manually or restarted by movement.

  1. Manual winding:

Although automatic watches are self-winding by movement, they can also be wound manually to increase power reserve or to restart the watch after a long period of inactivity. To manually wind an automatic watch, turn the winding crown clockwise until you feel a slight resistance. Do not apply excessive pressure to avoid damaging the tension spring.

  1. Maintenance and service:

To ensure optimal performance and longevity of an automatic watch, regular maintenance should be performed. Experts recommend having an automatic watch serviced by a professional every 3 to 5 years. This service includes cleaning, lubrication and, if necessary, the replacement of wearing parts.

  1. Care tips for automatic watches:
  • Avoid bumps and shocks as these can damage the sensitive movement.
  • Keep the watch away from strong magnetic fields, as these can affect accuracy.
  • Make sure the watch's seals are intact to ensure water resistance. Have the seals checked at every service and replaced if necessary.
  • Clean your watch regularly with a soft cloth to remove dust and dirt.


The world of automatic watches is fascinating and full of precision and craftsmanship. By understanding how these watches work and by following a few basic care and maintenance tips, you can ensure that your automatic watch will provide years of accurate and reliable service. Remember to have your watch regularly serviced by a professional and to protect it from shocks, magnetic fields and moisture. A well-cared-for automatic watch is not only an impressive technical masterpiece, but also a valuable heirloom that can be passed down through the generations.

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